What Is Cryptocurrency? A Complete Walkthrough for Beginners


What Is Cryptocurrency? A Complete Walkthrough for Beginners

Last Update: 2022-06-22

What Is Cryptocurrency? A Complete Walkthrough for Beginners

A cryptocurrency is a form of digital money used all over the world. It's not as intuitive and confusing when you know how it works, but many people still don't understand what cryptocurrency actually does. Don't worry - we're here to help. 

In this article, we'll explain everything you need to know about cryptocurrency, from how it works to its potential benefits. By the end, you should have a good understanding of what cryptocurrency is and why it's worth paying attention to. So, let's get started!

Cryptocurrency: An Overview

Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security. A cryptocurrency is difficult to counterfeit because of this security feature. A defining feature of a cryptocurrency, and arguably its biggest allure, is its organic nature; it is not issued by any central authority, rendering it theoretically immune to government interference or manipulation.

Many traditional financial systems are opaque, meaning it can be difficult to track where money is moving and who owns it. This lack of transparency can enable corruption and fraud. Cryptocurrencies use blockchain technology to create a transparent, secure record of all transactions.

Bitcoin, the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, was created in 2009 by an anonymous person or group of people using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto. Bitcoin is decentralized, meaning it is not subject to government or financial institution control. The supply of bitcoins is capped at 21 million, which is expected to be reached around the year 2140.

Bitcoins are created as a reward for "mining," a process in which computers solve complex math problems to verify transactions and add new bitcoins to a digital ledger. The math problems are designed to ensure that it becomes more difficult to create new bitcoins as time goes on.

While bitcoin remains the most well-known cryptocurrency, there are thousands of other cryptocurrencies available on the market today. Ethereum, Litecoin, Monero, and Zcash are just a few of the other popular types of cryptocurrencies.

Cryptocurrencies are often described as being digital or virtual gold, and their popularity has exploded in recent years as they have become more widely accepted by businesses and individuals around the world. While their future remains uncertain, their popularity is likely to continue to grow as more people become aware of them and their potential uses.

How Does Cryptocurrency Work?

Cryptocurrencies work using a technology called a blockchain. Blockchain is a distributed ledger that records all cryptocurrency transactions. Transactions are verified by network nodes through cryptography and recorded in a public dispersed ledger. Blockchain allows for secure, transparent, and tamper-proof transactions. This makes it an ideal technology for use in cryptocurrency systems.

Cryptocurrencies have become increasingly popular in recent years, as more people have become interested in alternative investments outside of traditional fiat currencies. Cryptocurrencies offer the potential for high returns, but they also come with high risks. Before investing in cryptocurrencies, be sure to do your research and understand the risks involved.

Advantages of Cryptocurrency Over Fiat Currency  

There are many benefits of cryptocurrency over fiat currency. One major advantage is that cryptocurrencies are not subject to inflation, unlike fiat currencies. This is because the supply of most cryptocurrencies is capped, meaning that there is a finite amount in circulation and new units cannot be created arbitrarily. This helps to protect against inflationary pressures and means that cryptocurrency holders can be confident that their assets will retain their value over time.

Another key benefit of cryptocurrency is that it offers greater privacy and security than fiat currency. Transactions made using cryptocurrencies are typically stored on a decentralized blockchain, which makes them much more difficult to tamper with or hack than traditional financial systems. Furthermore, the use of cryptographic technologies makes it very difficult for anyone to track or trace cryptocurrency transactions. This provides a high degree of anonymity and makes it an attractive option for users who are concerned about privacy.

Finally, cryptocurrency also has the potential to be much more efficient and convenient than fiat currency. For example, cryptocurrency can be sent and received almost instantly, anywhere in the world. This is because there is no need for a bank or other third party to process the transaction. In addition, transactions made using cryptocurrencies are often free or very low cost. This is because there are no middlemen or fees associated with traditional financial institutions.

Overall, there are many advantages of a cryptocurrency over fiat currency. Cryptocurrencies are more secure and private, they are not subject to inflation, and they have the potential to be more efficient and convenient.

How To Purchase the First Cryptocurrency? A Step-by-Step Guide

Buying cryptocurrency is not a tough nut to crack. By following this guide, you can easily own the first cryptocurrency in a matter of minutes:

1. Choose a cryptocurrency exchange 

In order to buy your first cryptocurrency, you need to choose a reputable cryptocurrency exchange. Some of the most popular exchanges include Coinbase, Binance, and Kraken.

2. Create an account on the exchange 

Once you have selected an exchange, you will need to create an account. This usually involves providing some personal information (such as your name and email address) and setting up a username and password.

3. Deposit funds into your account 

Once your account is created, you will need to deposit funds into it. Most exchanges accept deposits via bank transfer or credit card.

4. Buy cryptocurrency 

Once you have deposited funds into your account, you can start buying cryptocurrency. The process for doing this varies from exchange to exchange but typically involves selecting the cryptocurrency you want to buy and specifying the amount.

5. Store your cryptocurrency safely 

Once you have purchased cryptocurrency, it is important to store it safely. The best way to do this is by using a hardware wallet such as a Trezor or Ledger Nano S.

And that's it! You've successfully purchased cryptocurrency.

How To Store Cryptocurrency? 

There are a few things to consider when it comes to storing cryptocurrency:

1. Determine which cryptocurrency you would like to store

If you're just looking to invest, then you might want to choose a currency that has a high market cap and is, therefore, less volatile. On the other hand, if you're looking to use the currency for actual purchases, then you'll want to choose one that is widely accepted by merchants. 

2. Choose the right crypto wallet 

There are a variety of different wallets available, but not all of them are created equal. Some wallets are more secure than others, and some offer more features. It's important to do your research and choose a wallet that fits your needs. With so many options available, there's no excuse not to find a wallet that meets your requirements. So, make sure you take the time to find the right wallet for you and your cryptocurrency.

3. Download the wallet 

Just download the software onto your computer or mobile device and follow the prompts to create a new account. Once you have done this, you will be able to access your coins and use them for any purpose you desire. There are many different wallets available, so be sure to choose one that meets your needs. You can also use a web-based wallet if you don't want to download anything. Just remember, no matter which type of wallet you choose, it is important to keep your private key safe and secure.

4. Move your coins into your new wallet

This can usually be done by transferring them from an exchange or another wallet. There are many different types of wallets, so choose one that suits your needs. Once your coins are in your wallet, you can start using them to pay for goods and services, or hold onto them in case their value goes up. Whichever way you choose to use them, it's important to keep your coins safe. So, make sure you move them into a wallet as soon as possible.

5. Start using your cryptocurrency 

You can use it to buy goods and services, or hold onto it in the hopes that it will increase in value over time. Cryptocurrency wallets are generally very secure, but it is still possible for hackers to gain access to them if you're not careful.

That's it! You've now stored your cryptocurrency in a wallet. Remember to keep an eye on the value of your currency- the prices of cryptocurrencies can be very volatile.

What You Can Do with Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is offering some real-world uses. The important ones are given below:

  • With the recent surge in prices of Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies, you may be wondering if you can use them to purchase goods and services. The answer is yes! While there are not yet many retailers who accept cryptocurrency directly, there are a number of ways to convert your Bitcoin into cash or gift cards that can be used at major retailers. For example, sites like Gyft and eGifter sell gift cards for popular stores like Amazon, Target, and Starbucks that can be purchased with Bitcoin.
  • Some investors are beginning to view cryptocurrency as a way to hedge against financial assets like stocks and bonds. Cryptocurrency is not subject to the same fluctuations as traditional assets, making it a potential safe haven in times of economic instability. In addition, cryptocurrency is not owned or controlled by any central authority, meaning that it can't be manipulated in the same way as fiat currency. 
  • Cryptocurrency offers a unique opportunity for developers to create decentralized applications. By using a distributed ledger, developers can create applications that are not subject to the control of any single entity. This provides a number of advantages, including increased security and resilience, as well as the ability to offer new services that would not be possible with traditional centralized architectures.
  • Through staking or lending platforms, investors can earn a return on their digital assets without having to put them at risk in volatile markets. This can be a great way to grow your cryptocurrency portfolio without having to take on extra risk. And since many of these platforms offer competitive interest rates, you can earn a healthy return on your investment.
  • Cryptocurrency can be used to anonymously send and receive payments. This is because transactions made with cryptocurrency are not linked to a person's name or personal information. Rather, each transaction is linked to a digital "address" that is generated by a cryptographic algorithm. As a result, it is very difficult for anyone to trace a transaction back to an individual user. This anonymity makes cryptocurrency an attractive payment option for people who wish to keep their financial activities private.

Top 5 Cryptocurrencies In the Market

Name Price 24h % 7d % Market Cap Volume(24h) Circulating Supply
Bitcoin $39,967.43 7.75% 13.70% $763,029,153,274 $33,089,385,269 19,009,037 BTC
Ethereum $2,998.37 8.91% 14.64% $362,442,112,415 $21,766,591,694 120,338,605 ETH
Tether $1.00 0.01% 0.00% $82,557,164,138 $72,036,646,131 82,534,930,597 USDT
BNB $397.78 7.19% 10.77% $65,992,370,939 $2,173,216,729 165,116,761 BNB
USD Coin $0.9997 0.02% 0.01% $50,703,113,930 $4,888,685,510 50,714,981,033 USDC

1. Bitcoin (BTC)

Bitcoin is the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, and it has spawned a whole ecosystem of related projects and companies. Bitcoin is once again on the rise, with a current value of over $20,000 per coin. This is a far cry from the early days of Bitcoin when it was first introduced in 2009 with a value of just $0.003 per coin. While there have been ups and downs in the intervening years, Bitcoin has slowly but steadily increased in value, culminating in its recent surge to new all-time highs.

2. Ethereum (ETH)

Ethereum is a decentralized cryptocurrency that enables smart contracts and decentralized applications (DApps) to be built and run without any fraud or third-party interference. The project was launched in 2015 by Vitalik Buterin, a Russian-Canadian programmer. Ethereum has the second-largest market value after Bitcoin and is considered one of the most influential cryptocurrencies.

3. Tether (USDT)

Created in 2014, Tether is a cryptocurrency that is pegged to the US Dollar. The idea behind Tether is to provide a stable coin that can be used for everyday transactions. Unlike other cryptocurrencies, which are often volatile, Tether is designed to maintain a value of $1 USD. To date, Tether has been relatively successful in this goal, and its current market value is just over $4 billion USD. 

4. Binance Coin (BNB)

Binance coin is a cryptocurrency with a very strong market value. As of now, 1 BNB is equal to $397.73. It is the native currency of the Binance Chain, a decentralized exchange launched by Binance. The main purpose of BNB is to pay for fees on the Binance platform, which includes trading fees, listing fees, and withdrawal fees. Holders of BNB can also use it to vote on and make decisions about new coins listed on the Binance platform. 

5. USDC Coin

The USDC coin is a digital currency that is backed by the US dollar. Launched in September 2018, it is one of the few stable coins in the market. The value of the coin is pegged to the dollar and is backed 1:1 by reserves held in banks. As a result, it is able to avoid the volatility that affects other cryptocurrencies. The coin is based on the Ethereum blockchain and can be used to purchase goods and services.

Risk Involved in Using Cryptocurrency

Cryptocurrency trading is a risky business. The volatile nature of the markets and the lack of regulation can make it a very risky investment. There are a few things you should know before you start trading cryptocurrencies.

  • Cryptocurrencies are highly volatile. The prices can go up or down very quickly. This means that you could lose a lot of money if you're not careful.
  • There is no central authority regulating cryptocurrency trading. This means that there is no one to help you if things go wrong.
  • You need to be aware of the potential for fraud. There have been cases of people losing money to scams related to cryptocurrency trading.
  • You need to be prepared for the possibility of hacking. exchanges have been hacked in the past and there is always the risk that your account could be hacked.
  • Cryptocurrency trading is risky and you could lose all of your money. Make sure that you understand these risks before you start trading.


What is mining?

Mining is how new cryptocurrency is created. Miners are rewarded with cryptocurrency for verifying and committing transactions to the blockchain. Ethereum miners are rewarded based on their share of work done, rather than their share of the total number of blocks mined.

What are smart contracts?

Smart contracts are self-executing contracts written in code that run on a blockchain. They can be used to automate processes such as financial transactions, asset management, and voting.

What is a digital wallet?

A digital wallet is a software program that stores your cryptocurrency keys and allows you to interact with the blockchain. Cryptocurrency wallets come in many forms, including online wallets, offline wallets, mobile wallets, and hardware wallets.

Conclusion: Should You Invest in Cryptocurrency?

Given their popularity and recent media coverage, you may be wondering if you should invest in cryptocurrency. There is no simple answer to this question, as there are many factors to consider before making any investment. However, if you do decide to invest in cryptocurrency, be sure to do your research and exercise caution, as the volatile nature of the market means that investments can quickly increase or decrease in value.

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