The Impact of Asset Allocation and Risk Reduction on Crypto Portfolios

One of the most common misconceptions is that a diversified crypto portfolio is the equivalent of holding different coins. However, a well-diversified portfolio is about holding different types of assets. 

But then comes the question “what types of assets should you choose and how do you manage the risks  of your portfolio?”

Read below and learn more about the key principles of asset allocation and risk reduction strategies for building a resilient crypto portfolio

Understanding Asset Allocation

Asset allocation is about distributing investments across different asset classes to achieve a balance between risk and return. In the crypto world, a well-diversified portfolio can help mitigate the impact of market fluctuations and enhance long-term stability. 

Investors typically allocate assets across various categories, including:

  • Core holdings – established cryptocurrencies with strong fundamentals and widespread adoption, like Bitcoin (BTC) and Ethereum (ETH). These assets serve as the foundation of a crypto portfolio, providing stability and liquidity amidst market turbulence.
  • Growth-oriented investments – promising altcoins and emerging blockchain projects with high growth potential. While these assets carry higher risk due to their volatility and speculative nature, they offer the possibility of substantial returns.
  • Stablecoins – cryptocurrencies pegged to stable assets like fiat currencies (e.g., USD Coin, Tether) or commodities (e.g., gold). Including stablecoins in a portfolio can help mitigate volatility and serve as a safe haven during market downturns.
  • Alternative assets – decentralized finance (DeFi) tokens, non-fungible tokens (NFTs), and blockchain-based securities, offer diversification beyond traditional cryptocurrencies.
  • Utility tokens – also known as application tokens, they’re designed to provide access to a product or service within a blockchain-based ecosystem. Utility tokens serve as a medium of exchange and grant holders certain rights or privileges within a platform or network, including participating in decision-making processes.

Example: BAT is a utility token that powers a new paradigm of digital advertising and content monetization within the Brave browser ecosystem. By rewarding user attention, prioritizing privacy and security, and supporting content creators, BAT aims to create a more fair, transparent, and sustainable web.

  • Security Tokens – these tokens represent ownership of an underlying asset or company. Regulatory requirements apply to them, and they’re most often considered investment contracts. Security tokens may also provide investors with certain rights, like dividends or voting rights. They’re regulated just like securities you’d find in more traditional markets.

Example: SPiCE VC token is a security token that offers investors the benefits of fractional ownership, regulatory compliance, liquidity, dividends, transparency, and governance within a tokenized venture capital fund. This token leverages blockchain technology and compliant security token frameworks, providing a modern and efficient alternative for investors seeking exposure to early-stage venture capital investments.

Diversify Crypto Investments Based on Geographical Location

When allocating crypto assets, you can also factor in the geographic distribution of crypto projects. You need to take into account several elements, including regulatory environments, economic conditions, technological adoption, and market demand. 

Each country and jurisdiction maintains distinct regulations and perspectives regarding cryptocurrencies.

For instance,  countries like the United Kingdom, Switzerland, Germany, and Estonia have emerged as key players in the crypto space, with thriving blockchain ecosystems, regulatory frameworks conducive to innovation, and a growing number of crypto-friendly businesses and startups.  

Additionally, China has been a major player in the cryptocurrency mining industry, but regulatory uncertainty has impacted the market in recent years.

With thorough research on how to spread your investments across various geographic regions, you can reduce the risk associated with regulatory shifts or localized market downturns. This strategy helps safeguard your portfolio against adverse changes in regulations or regional market conditions.

How to Balance the Risks of Your Portfolio

Reducing risk in a crypto portfolio involves implementing strategies that mitigate the potential for loss while still allowing growth opportunities.

You’ll first have to determine the level of risk you’re comfortable with based on factors like age, investment experience, and financial situation. This will guide the proportion of your portfolio allocated to crypto assets.

Reducing risks is also about creating a balanced portfolio, a method that covers:

  1. evaluation of cryptocurrencies – research and analyze different cryptocurrencies, considering factors like market trends, project fundamentals, and technological innovation;
  2. strategic asset allocation – based on your assessment and evaluation, allocate your assets in a way that reflects your risk tolerance and diversification strategy;
  3. regular portfolio review – assess your portfolio to ensure it remains aligned with your goals and the changing market landscape.

Tactics to Strategically Allocate Crypto Assets 

Strategic asset allocation is a fundamental principle in building a resilient crypto investment portfolio. If you distribute investments across various asset classes, you can mitigate risk and enhance long-term returns. 

Easy methods and tools for strategic asset allocation include:

  • Dollar-Cost Averaging (DCA)– a disciplined investment strategy that involves regularly investing a fixed amount of capital into a particular asset, regardless of its price fluctuations. In the context of cryptocurrencies, DCA helps smooth out the impact of volatility by spreading purchases over time.

Implementing DCA in crypto investing involves establishing a consistent schedule, such as weekly or monthly, for purchasing a predetermined amount of cryptocurrency. This approach allows investors to take advantage of market downturns by acquiring assets at lower prices while reducing the risk of investing a significant sum at an unfavorable price point.

For example, let’s say you decide to allocate $500 to Bitcoin each month. Regardless of whether Bitcoin's price is high or low, you purchase $500 worth of Bitcoin at the scheduled intervals. Over time, DCA helps average out the purchase price, resulting in a more favorable cost basis and reducing the impact of short-term price fluctuations on the overall investment.

  • Position sizing – determine the amount of capital allocated to each trade relative to the size of the portfolio. With strategic sizing positions based on risk tolerance and portfolio objectives, you can minimize the impact of potential losses and optimize risk-adjusted returns.

One common approach to position sizing is the use of a risk-based model, where the size of each position is determined by the level of risk associated with the trade. For example, you may allocate a smaller percentage of your portfolio to higher-risk assets and a larger percentage to more stable investments.

Additionally, implementing stop-loss orders and setting risk limits can further enhance position sizing strategies by defining exit points and mitigating downside risk.

  • Portfolio rebalancing – realigning the allocation of assets within a portfolio to maintain desired risk and return characteristics. 

In crypto investing, portfolio rebalancing involves periodically adjusting the allocation of cryptocurrencies and other assets to ensure alignment with investment objectives and risk tolerance.

Rebalancing may involve selling overperforming assets to take profits and reinvesting the proceeds into underperforming assets to maintain target allocations. This systematic approach helps prevent portfolio drift and ensures that your portfolio remains diversified and aligned with your long-term goals.

You may choose regular rebalancing intervals, such as quarterly or annually, or rebalance opportunistically in response to significant market events or deviations from target allocations.


Building a resilient crypto portfolio requires a balanced approach that emphasizes asset allocation, risk management, and continuous monitoring of market dynamics. 

Additionally, adhering to a discipline where you conduct thorough due diligence and stay informed of the latest developments is the key to managing the inherent risks of cryptocurrency investments.