As one of the pivotal approaches when navigating the intricate realms of cryptocurrency trading, technical analysis gives insights and unveils strategies to decipher market movements and trends. Furthermore, and especially if you’re a novice trader, it’s important to understand the foundational assumptions that underpin this method. These assumptions are the essence of technical analysis and provide the logical framework that makes the interpretation of market movements possible
Read below as we’ll shed light on how they form the basis for market evaluation and strategy development. 

We’ll delve into these assumptions:

  • price discounts everything
  • price moves in trends
  • history tends to repeat itself

Understand these foundational assumptions and you’ll gain deeper insights into the mechanics of technical analysis. You’ll then be able to apply this knowledge more effectively in your trading endeavors and adapt your strategies in the ever-evolving cryptocurrency market landscape.

Price Discounts Everything

The principle that 'price discounts everything' is one of the fundamental assumptions underpinning technical analysis. It posits that all information—whether public or private, fundamental or otherwise—is already reflected in the asset price. This includes various factors like market news, economic announcements, and any other elements that could potentially impact the asset's value. 

Consequently, technical analysts mainly focus on analyzing price movements and other market-related activities, believing that this data is sufficient to make accurate trading decisions.


Understanding that the price discounts everything implies that traders don’t necessarily need to delve deeply into every piece of news or information about market conditions, economic factors, or crypto-asset fundamentals. Instead, they consider the market price as a comprehensive reflection of all prevailing information and sentiments that could affect the asset. 

Traders, especially beginners, can thus focus on studying price charts, patterns, and trends to formulate their trading strategies, which can be a more efficient approach, saving time and resources.


For a crypto trader adopting technical analysis, the belief in this assumption enables you to concentrate your efforts on detecting price patterns, trends, and formations on the charts, assuming that these elements inherently represent the sum total of all influencing factors. 

By recognizing and interpreting these patterns and trends, you can make informed predictions about future price movements and optimize your entry and exit points in trades, potentially maximizing gains and minimizing losses.


While this assumption is a cornerstone of technical analysis, it’s also crucial to acknowledge its limitations. Solely relying on price action and neglecting other external information can sometimes lead to inadequate analyses, as price movements might not always fully or accurately reflect all relevant information, especially in the highly volatile and unpredictable cryptocurrency market.

In essence, the assumption that price discounts everything simplifies the trading process by focusing on price movements and patterns, assuming they encapsulate all relevant information. However, you should also be aware of its limitations and consider complementing your evaluation with relevant external information to enhance the robustness of their trading strategies.

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Another pivotal assumption in technical analysis is the belief that prices move in identifiable trends, either:

  • upward (bull market)
  • downward (bear market)
  • sideways (consolidated market)

This assumption is the basis for the myriad of strategies and tools in technical analysis aimed at identifying the onset and continuation of market trends, allowing traders to align their positions accordingly.

Concept of Trends

The concept of trends in technical analysis stems from the observation that asset prices often move in a specific direction for an extended period. This directionality, whether upward, downward, or sideways, is influenced by market sentimentsdemand-supply dynamics, and other macroeconomic factors. Traders utilize various technical tools and indicators to identify and confirm the existence of these trends, providing them with insights to make more informed trading decisions.

Importance for Traders

For traders, especially beginners, recognizing and understanding the prevailing trend is crucial. It allows them to make informed decisions on whether to enter or exit trades, set stop-loss and take-profit levels, and manage their risk more effectively. If you can accurately identify trends, you get the advantage of riding the trend, optimizing your potential for profit, and mitigating losses.

Application and Strategies

Traders apply numerous strategies to identify trends, such as moving averages, trendlines, and technical indicators like the Relative Strength Index (RSI). By employing these tools, traders can determine the trend’s strength and direction, helping them to enter trades at optimal points and to foresee potential reversals or continuations. Recognizing trends early can be particularly beneficial in the volatile crypto market, where prices can experience sharp and sudden movements.


While the assumption that price moves in trends is integral to technical analysis, it’s also imperative for traders to approach it with caution. Not all price movements signify a trend, and false signals can occur. Hence, traders should use a combination of different tools and analyses to confirm trends and avoid potential pitfalls.

The assumption that price moves in trends is fundamental to technical analysis in cryptocurrency trading. It provides a framework for traders to understand market movements and align their trading strategies with the prevailing trends, thus maximizing the probability of successful trades. However, discernment and careful analysis are crucial to differentiate between genuine trends and market noise, ensuring that trading decisions are sound and well-informed.

History Tends to Repeat Itself

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The belief that history tends to repeat itself is a core assumption in technical analysis, reinforcing the relevance of studying past market behaviors to forecast future price movements. This principle is founded on the notion that market participants often react in a consistent manner to similar market conditions, leading to the formation of recognizable price patterns and trends.

Rationale Behind the Assumption

This assumption stems from the belief that market price movements are not purely random but are often influenced by prevailing market psychology and collective behavior. Traders and investors, driven by emotions like fear and greed, tend to respond to market stimuli in predictable ways, leading to the recurrence of specific price patterns and trends over time.

Importance for Beginners

For beginner traders, understanding this assumption is crucial. By studying and learning from historical price data and market patterns, you’ll gain insights into potential future market movements. This knowledge can be instrumental in developing trading strategies, identifying entry and exit points, and managing risks, ultimately enhancing their ability to make informed and profitable trading decisions.

Application in Trading Strategies

Traders apply this principle by studying historical price charts to identify patterns and trends that have occurred in the past, with the expectation that these patterns will repeat. Techniques like chart pattern analysis, technical indicators, and other analytical tools are employed to identify these recurring patterns and capitalize on the predictive insights they offer.

Cautions and Considerations

While this assumption can be highly valuable, it’s essential to approach it with caution. Market conditions, external factors, and the crypto landscape itself are continually evolving, and there’s no guarantee that history will repeat itself precisely. Therefore, traders should use historical patterns as a guide rather than a definitive predictor, and corroborate their findings with other analytical methods to validate their trading decisions.

The assumption that history tends to repeat itself is indispensable in technical analysis. It provides a foundation for interpreting market behaviors and formulating trading strategies, especially for beginners in the crypto trading realm. 

By recognizing and understanding recurring market patterns and trends, traders can enhance their predictive accuracy and navigate the markets more effectively. However, the dynamic nature of the cryptocurrency market requires a balanced and multifaceted approach, combining historical insights with contemporary analysis to refine trading decisions and strategies in the ever-evolving market environment.


The main ideas behind the basic assumptions of technical analysis are:

  1. price shows information
  2. prices have patterns called trends
  3. past market actions often happen again

For new traders, knowing these ideas is very helpful for making good trading decisions. However, it's important for traders to also look at current events and use common sense when making decisions. In short, using both past patterns and current information can help you do well in the fast-changing world of cryptocurrency.